Tips for Beginners - UNDERSTANDING FOUNDATION
I will start by saying this - I am not expert when it comes to foundation so all I can do is pass on what I know and what I have learned.
Check out the Previous Posts: Tips for Beginners - SKIN TYPE
Tips for Beginners - SKIN CARE
What is Foundation?
In cosmetics, foundation is simply a skin-colored product that is applied to the face to even out complexion and cover imperfections.
How do you choose the right foundation?
There are a few basic things to consider when choosing your foundation and those are:
- Foundation Type
- Skin Type
- Foundation Finish
- Color and Undertone (to be discussed in a separate post)
COVERAGEOne of the first things to consider when choosing foundation is the coverage you desire. This means how much of your skin you wish to cover and conceal. This will determine how opaque your foundation will need to be. Be sure not to confuse coverage with the thickness/heaviness of the foundation since coverage is determined by the pigmentation of the foundation. The coverage will be stated in the description of the foundation. The terms often used to describe coverage are outlined below:
- Sheer will give the least coverage because it is the least pigmented. It can be used to cover slight unevenness in the skin tone but will not cover imperfections an dark marks. Sheer foundation can always be used with spot concealing to cover more visible areas.
- Light is higher in pigmentation and will cover unevenness and also slight imperfections.
- Medium coverage is the most used and more widely available across makeup brands. It can cover freckles, discolorations, unevenness and even light scars.
- Full coverage is the most opaque with rich pigment. I covers hyperpigmentation, discoloration, freckles, scars, dark spots and marks.
- Normal Skin is the again the easiest to work with and so they can use almost any foundation on the market depending on specific needs.
- Dry Skin is best suited for liquid or cream foundations and oil-based formulae. Powder and mineral foundations can accentuate dry areas and patches.
- Oily Skin should seek out oil-free, mattifying liquid or cream foundations. Powder and mineral makeup is ideal for oily skin because they are dry and will not add a dewy finish to the skin.
- Combination Skin can use the foundations made for oily skin but can also get away with oil-based foundations if the skin is mostly dry.
- Sensitive Skin makes it difficult to find the perfect foundation. Ingredient lists are key for sensitive skin. Powders are most recommended based on the limited ingredients and preservatives that can be skin irritants. However, if you choose to use other types of foundation then seek out products with minimal ingredients since the less ingredients the less likely one will irritate your skin. It's best to figure out your specific skin irritants so that you can learn to avoid them. For sure that can be quite a chore but the more natural the ingredients the better. Preservatives, fragrances, alcohol, etc. can irritate sensitive. Get ready to do some homework since all sensitive is different and the irritants will vary.
- A Dewy finish leaves skin looking moistened and healthy. Some foundations may use light reflecting particles to produce a 'glow' to the skin. This is best suited to counteract the effects of Dry Skin .